Post-revolutionary Iroquois diplomacy witnessed efforts to protect remaining homelands from the depredations of settler governments. The legacy of traditional Iroquois diplomacy continues in the contemporary era through calls from Iroquois political activists for the return of treaty-making as a critical means of restoring their sovereign standing eroded by colonialism and post-colonialism.
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Chapter Two provides a summary overview of the history and culture of Iroquois treaty-making from the pre-contact era through the early national period of the United States. Chapter Three considers the issue of freedom of movement as reflected in the Iroquois diplomatic record from to , with special attention to the impact of the and Fort Stanwix Treaties on this crucial aspect of Iroquois political sovereignty.
The second part of this report, then, attempts to reckon with the various actors, legal regimes, and cultural values that contributed to this process of Iroquois confinement and removal. In the course of dispossession, the ethnohistory reveals that legal instruments based on notions of European superiority played a critical role in this process of land loss, enabling the land grab involved in establishing federal and state borders.
Foremost among these instruments was a monopoly right, known as preemption, which the British, and its successor, the United States, claimed in expropriating Iroquois property at depressed prices through treaties, and then reselling it at a handsome profit to land speculators. This period is also characterized by a transition in Iroquois sovereignty over a vast area that encompassed the Mohawk and Ohio River Valleys to a reduced sovereignty that was confined to bounded reservations located in central and western New York.
Chapter Six examines the New York State treaties with the Oneidas and Onondagas, resulting in the loss of the majority of their lands.
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It situates this land loss in the context of the intense competition for Iroquois lands on the part of the federal government, New York and Massachusetts, and private land speculators as well as the strategic location of eastern Iroquois lands astride several key transportation and communication routes. Finally, Chapter Seven examines the contemporary legacy of the Fort Stanwix Treaties, focusing on contemporary Oneida land claim cases and the ways in which they invoke the historic Fort Stanwix treaties.
Matthew J. Conducted for the National Park Service, this ethnohistorical and ethnographic overview and assessment of Mount Rushmore National Monument provides a deep history for this contested site.
It highlights the history of the Indigenous It highlights the history of the Indigenous residence, use, and sacred significance of the Black Hills and resituates the creation of Mount Rushmore in the context of a process of settler appropriation and colonization that begins with the 19th century Anglo-Indian wars over the mineral resources of the Hills. It shows how tourism development at sites like Mount Rushmore represents a second phase of the settler colonization process that began with the 19th century settlement, resource extraction, and appropriation of the Black Hills by Euro-Americans.
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It concludes with an ethnographic analysis of contemporary Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho perspectives on Mount Rushmore and the Black Hills, and suggestions for repair work between Indigenous communities and the NPS. After the conquest of Rome by barbarians in the 5th After the conquest of Rome by barbarians in the 5th century, it was the cultural Jack Ahern.
Novotny with a contribution from WP Lucey and C. This book has also extensively covered Singapore as the world hub of the newestdevelopments and implementation of the This book has also extensively covered Singapore as the world hub of the newestdevelopments and implementation of the sustainable infrastructure for Urban Sustainability Concepts.
Sustainability as an interdisci-plinary science is just emerging; Sustainability as an interdisci-plinary science is just emerging; nevertheless, calls for sustainable development from the Restoring Urban Streams. A natural stream and its surrounding form a stream corridor that includes the water body, floodplain which may include riparian wetlands , oxbow lakes abandoned channels , forests, and buffers Oxbow Lake Water Reclamation and Reuse.
Treatment of wastewater from Am Ammonia removal is accomplished on effluent from the Los Angeles, California, Hyperion Treatment Plant using biological aerated filters to make the water suitable for use in refinery cooling towers Ammonia removal is accomplished on effluent from the Los Angeles, California, Hyperion Treatment Plant using biological aerated filters to make the water suitable for use in refinery cooling towers Fuchs, In the context of high-performance buildings and ecocity In the context of high-performance buildings and ecocity developments, life cycle If this book contributes to the understanding of what exists, what is being explored Expected to ship within 7 - 13 working days.
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Welcome to Loot. Checkout Your Cart Price. Add to cart. Description Details Customer Reviews The current literature compartmentalizes the complex issue of water and wastewater into its discrete components; technology, planning, policy, construction, economics, etc.